BRITISH 2yo RACING

2002-2015 - Period Review
Races

 






2002-2015 - Races Review

Horses
Total Runners; Winners & Debuts Details; Gender & Colour Splits; Birthdates vs Strike Rates.
[Races]
Total Races; Breakdown by Types, Class & Distance; Distribution through Season; AW Totals.
Winners
FTO Winners SR & by Distance; Multiple Winners; Wins by Run Number Distributions.
Starting Prices
2005-2014 Seasons SPs Summary
Sire/Dam - General
Sire Runner Totals Groups; Sires with Winners Groups; Dam's Age versus Strike Rate.
Trainers - General
Trainer Runner Totals Groups; Sires with Winners Groups; Use of Headgear; NR & WDs; FTO Course Choice.


Questions covered in the Races Section :-
    1. How many 2yo races were run in each season?
    2. What was the breakdown by Types of races?
    3. What was the breakdown by Class of race?
    4. What was the breakdown by race distances?
    5. How many races are run during each month of the season?
    6. How has the number of races on All-Weather surfaces changed?




1. How many 2yo races were run in each season?

Season Total Races Fillies' Only Males Only (C&G)
2002 942 142 (15.0%)  
2003 996 146 (14.6%)  
2004 998 153 (15.3%)  
2005 998 165 (16.5%) 31 (3.1%)
2006 960 174 (18.1%) 38 (4.0%)
2007 1,030 183 (17.8%) 25 (2.4%)
2008 1,048 189 (18.0%) 34 (3.2%)
2009 1,084 186 (17.2%) 32 (3.0%)
2010 1,083 187 (17.3%) 41 (3.8%)
2011 1,075 189 (17.6.%) 33 (3.1%)
2012 1,038 182 (17.5.%) 33 (3.2%)
2013 1,050 191 (18.2%) 34 (3.2%)
2014 1,047 202 (19.3%) 31 (3.0%)
2015 1,039 205 (19.7%) 33 (3.2%)
Note:- Increase in fillies' only races 2005-6.

The 2006 season was always slightly behind schedule in terms of number of races run from early April onwards. The very wet October then caused a range of meetings to be abandoned (most which would have included divided 2yo maiden events) to cause the shortfall in number of races. In 2007 Paco Boy won a race also open to 3yos and Kingsgate Native won the all-aged Group 1 Nunthorpe Stakes. In 2010 Morache Music won the same all-aged conditions event as Paco Boy, and in 2013 Expert was successful in it.

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2. What was the breakdown by Types of races?

Season Gp/Listed Conditions Novice Nursery Maidens Auction Claimer Seller Totals
2002 55 65 74 124 424 114 23 63 942
2003 58 58 82 138 450 122 25 63 996
2004 59 46 72 136 453 154 25 53 998
2005 62 44 64 134 477 137 23 58 998
2006 63 44 58 135 457 130 17 56 960
2007 61 37 52 161 516 126 24 53 1,030
2008 58 41 57 161 521 136 25 49 1,048
2009 62 42 52 184 536 135 30 43 1,084
2010 62 42 44 200 545 131 19 40 1,083
2011 61 45 47 187 559 115 22 39 1,075
2012 62 40 42 197 530 117 18 32 1,038
2013 61 40 44 200 528 127 16 34 1,050
2014 61 38 47 205 549 108 15 24 1,047
2015 62 36 36 201 584 86 10 24 1,039
Note: (a)  3 New Listed Races in 2005, 2 before the normal (approx) June 1st start date for 2yos. 1 extra in 2006 
(b) 4 fewer Listed races in 2007 including the downgrade of the 10f Zetland Stakes. The Rose Bowl Stakes was lost due to the weather. 
Two Listed 7f races were upgraded to Group 3 Level = Acomb Stakes at York & the fillies' only Oh So Sharp Stakes at Newmarket.
(c) Increase in Nursery Events in 2009. 2 x Selling Nurseries in that season.
(d) Further increase in Nurseries in 2010 along with more open Maidens. Similar overall total of races 
with decreases in the number of Novice Races and Sellers.

Note that the 'Auction' category only covers races where raceweights vary with runners' auction prices. 'Median Auctions' races with normal weight-for-sex raceweights are categorised as 'Maidens'. See the Glossary on this site for an explanation of the difference between 'Maiden Auction' and 'Median Auction' races.

For an explanation of the difference between Group, Classic, Pattern, Listed & 'Black Type' races see the Article on the site covering the 2006 Group Race schedule. Use this link for the free online copy of the BHA's latest 'Flat Pattern and Listed Race Book'.

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3. What was the breakdown by Class of race?

Season A B C D E F G H
2002 55 31 71 430 225 89 41 None
2003 58 31 57 455 244 108 43 None
2004 59 23 56 460 247 100 38 15
Note: (a) New Race Classification introduced July 1st 2004, including 'H' category

A new race classification was introduced on July 1st 2004 and the remainder of the 2yo races in that season were assigned to their expected Classes under the previous system.
 
Season 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
2005 62 36 40 200 504 141 15
2006 63 42 41 250 432 124 7
2007 61 44 58 268 410 189 0
2008 58 47 48 322 416 157 0
2009 62 49 48 328 454 143 0
2010 62 61 56 316 455 133 0
2011 61 52 44 222 509 187 0
2012 62 56 51 209 492 168 0
2013 61 59 57 221 509 143 0
2014 61 55 61 245 508 117 0
Note: Increase in Class 4 over Class 5 in 2006 = racecourses allocating more prize money, mainly to maidens,
to lift them into class 4.
Note: Slump of Races into Lower Classes in 2011. See note below for a possible explanation.

At the start of the 2005 turf season a new system was started which split the races into 7 categories based on rating range and race prize money. Only the relatively small number of Nurseries could be split by rating range for 2yos so the majority of races are split by their prize money level, but with two exceptions :-

  • All Group and Listed races (i.e. the races often referred to as 'black type' level) are in Class 1 regardless of monetary value.
  • All 'Regional Racing' (now 'Banded') events (i.e. the 0-45 rated lowest level) are in Class 7 and prize money is limited to a low level. (Less than the levels that people were deriding as too low 25 years ago....)
  • Race Types can appear in any Race Class depending upon their prize money. For example, there were maiden races in all classes from 2 to 6 and a number of the Class 7 Regional races were also maidens. Conditions races range from Class 2 to 5 but with the bulk of them in Classes 2-3.

    Penalties for previous winners in Novice and Conditions races often take into account the Class of the previous win(s). The majority of 2yos do not win and those that do win only one race. The range of prize money value for maiden races is not wide and a win will not cover training fees in nearly all cases. Therefore the lower Class races can be quite strong because 'a win is a win' and the thrill of a winner is what most owners hope for at best. A win in a lower Class maiden then has the added advantage of attracting a low, or no, penalty in later races and probably a lower Official Rating (for Nurseries) regardless of the actual quality of the winning performance.

    In 2011 the number of races in the Classes 3-6 shows a 'slump' with more races in the lower Classes in that range compared to the preceding 2-3 years. In 2011 the "Horseman's Group" became active in campaigning for higher prize money. The Group being a body made up mainly of owners and trainers and with no official role in the running or administration of British Racing.

    One of their actions was to set a minimum 'Tariff' for added prize money for races within each Class. If a Racecourse put on a race at a particular Class level but with prize money below the Tariff then the Group encouraged it's members to boycott the race. The Racecourses were perceived as one set of organisations within British Racing which were getting more money out of the business than was reflected in what they contributed to prize money. Primarily because the racecourses had control over the sale of Media Rights. These actions proved successful to some extent with a number of 3yo+ races ending up with small fields. There was also an increase in the total prize money contributed by the racecourses by a 7 figure amount.

    With the Tariffs set being linked to the race Class level one way for a racecourse to avoid a boycott was to keep the added prize money at the same level and drop the Class of a race. If a racecourse normally ran a maiden as a Class 4 in previous years they could just drop it to be a Class 5, and so on. For example, a number of 10,000 2yo Bonus races were advertised as Class 3-4 level at the start of the season and were run at lower Classes later in the year. The figures in the table above for 2011 seem to show some effect of this Tariff setting and boycott threat.

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    4. What was the breakdown by race distances?

    Season 5f - 5.5f 5.6f - 6.5f 6.6f - 7.5f 7.6f - 8.5f  >8.5fur
    2002 262  (27.7%) 308  (32.7%) 253  (26.9%) 112  (11.9%) 7  (0.8%)
    2003 275 (27.6%) 337 (33.8%) 251 (25.2%) 125 (12.6%) 8 (0.8%)
    2004 276 (27.7%) 333 (33.4%) 255 (25.6%) 124 (12.4%) 10 (0.9%)
    2005 287 (28.8%) 321 (32.2%) 261 (26.1%) 117 (11.7%) 12 (1.2%)
    2006 269 (28.0%) 314 (32.7%) 258 (26.9%) 101 (10.5%) 18 (1.9%)
    2007 259 (25.1%) 351 (34.0%) 275 (26.7%) 117 (11.4%) 28 (2.7%)
    2008 272 (26.0%) 367 (35.0%) 272 (26.0%) 120 (11.4%) 17 (1.6%)
    2009 273 (25.2%) 378 (34.9%) 282 (26.0%) 126 (11.6%) 25 (2.3%)
    2010 267 (24.7%) 371 (34.2%) 280 (25.9%) 144 (13.3%) 21 (1.9%)
    2011 268 (24.9%) 365 (34.0%) 282 (26.2%) 135 (12.6%) 25 (2.3%)
    2012 267 (25.7%) 348 (33.5%) 279 (26.9%) 115 (11.1%) 29 (2.8%)
    2013 282 (26.9%) 338 (32.2%) 274 (26.1%) 132 (12.6%) 24 (2.3%)
    2014 261 (24.9%) 350 (33.4%) 281 (26.8%) 128 (12.2%) 27 (2.6%)

    5 furlong (5f) races are run throughout the season. The longer races began at these dates in 2014 :-

    • 6f races used to start at the York May Meeting (on the 15th in 2013) but there were 2 earlier races starting at Doncaster on the 12th. The longest prior to this is over 5.3f at Brighton. Warwick start running 5.5f races from early to mid-May (first on the 10th in 2014) and Bath 5.7f from mid May.
    • 7f races start in early to mid June (on the 12th at Haydock & Yarmouth in 2014).
    • 8f races start in early to mid August (on the 7th in 2014 with Lingfueld having run a 7.6f race on the 2nd.).
    • 8.6f races at Wolverhampton usually started in early September up to 2010 (the 10th in in that year) and 9f+ races started in September (on the 13th in 2010 at Redcar). This changed in 2011 with the first 8.6f race being a claimer on August 25th and even earlier in 2012 on the 14th. However there was no other long race until the 10f races started early with a Nursery Handicap at Bath on September 5th over 10.2f & a later start in 2012 on September 10th. In 2014 continued the later starts at 8.6f on September 20th with the first 10f event at Kempton on the 22nd of that month.
    • Wolverhampton staged 14 of the 27 races beyond 8.5f in 2014. The small number of long distance races used to include two Conditions events at 10f with the Zetland Stakes at Newmarket & the Squirrel Stakes at Leicester. The Newmarket race was downgraded to a Conditions event for the 2009 running from Listed level (demotion of Listed races is a notably rare occurence). In 2013 the Zetland Stakes was downgraded further by Newmarket to be at Class 3 level, the same as the Leicester event in that year. 2014 saw a further change with Leicester dropping the Squirrel Stakes, presumably because of the notably small fields it usually drew.
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    5. How many races are run during each month of the season?

    Season Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Total Races
    2002 7 37 82 124 178 178 161 150 25 942
    2003 12 41 90 127 168 183 181 164 30 996
    2004 10 45 91 128 183 184 195 145 17 998
    2005 9 48 89 127 176 192 196 146 15 998
    2006 7 39 80 122 167 199 190 140 17 960
    2007 2 35 87 118 145 197 198 200 48 1,030
    2008 5 40 98 121 176 184 195 197 32 1,048
    2009 4 37 106 124 180 202 209 201 21 1,084
    2010 5 36 102 124 179 198 224 191 24 1,083
    2011 4 41 103 130 181 205 204 185 22 1,075
    2012 2 32 86 123 147 221 199 193 35 1,038
    2013 5 34 91 124 166 216 201 183 30 1,050
    2014 2 35 92 117 163 206 216 193 23 1,047
    Note: (a) Unusual number of abandoned meetings in July 2007 causing low race number
    (b) Season started 10 days later in 2007 and went on later into November
    (c) Large increase in races Oct-Nov in 2007, partly because of divided races and increase in AW meetings.
    (d) The increase in races from the 2002 season to 2010 is 141. This represents a 15% increase in races, and workload, between the two years. The extra 122 meetings at the AW tracks between the two seasons is clearly a major contributor. A baffling statistic for those buried in extended 2yo data but told repeatedly, in 2010, that British Horse Racing is in crisis and is all but washed up. The field sizes are at a similar level in the two years and more horses ran in 2010 than in 2002. Lots of horses and owners paying bills but the Prize Money level is apparently killing ownership and 'the game'. Then, yet another, Class 6 AW Nursery in late season is divided (see Sep-Oct race increases above) to leave two races with 28 horses split across the pair. None of the horses has ever won a race and none are rated above 60 even in the inflated BHA figures. The majority are never going to win unless they invent ever more AW races confined to poor horses. How much of the 'fun' of ownership is actually about ROI? 'Go figure'.
    e) Only 50 divided races in 2011 compared to 61 in 2010.
    In 2012 there were again 50 divided races but only 43 in 2013. Back up to 60 divided races in 2014

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    6. How has the number of races on All-Weather surfaces changed?

    Great Leighs Kempton Lingfield Southwell Wolverhampton Total AW % of All
    2yo Races
    2003 - - 29 25 29 83 8.3%
    2004 - - 43 22 23 88 8.8%
    2005 - - 46 14 37 97 9.7%
    2006 - 36 56 10 51 153 15.9%
    2007 - 61 62 6 73 202 19.6%
    2008 39 64 47 17 41 208 19.8%
    2009 0 72 45 26 61 204 18.8%
    2010 - 90 35 14 66 205 18.9%
    2011 - 81 26 21 67 195 18.1%
    2012 - 84 25 29 89 227 21.9%
    2013 - 83 35 19 69 206 19.6%
    2014 - 81 40 11 69 201 19.2%
    Note: (a) Kempton redeveloped in 2005 to open as a floodlight Polytrack course in 2006
    (b) Southwell closed by flooding from later July 2007, meetings mostly transferred to other AW courses. 
    Course open for start of 2008 2yo season.
    (c) Great Leighs opened on April 30th, 2008 following an 18 month delay during 
    which time their allocated meetings have mostly been transferred to other courses including those with turf tracks.
    (d) Great Leighs company went into Administration before the start of the 2009 season & allocated 2009 meetings transferred to
    a mix of other AW & Turf courses. By end 2010, despite interest from at least one consortium, the course remained closed with no prospect of re-opening.
    (e) Increase in use of Kempton & Wolverhampton in 2009-10 partly due to transferred fixtures but also because of the use of 'Twilight' meetings in the late Autumn. Those two track the only ones, now Great Leighs has gone, with floodlights.
    (f) Note: Great Leighs re-opens in 2015 renamed as Chelmsford City with 58 meetings granted for the year.

    Remember that the table above covers 2yo races during the Turf Season from late March to early November. The totals do not include any of the 'Winter AW' meetings which has also seen a notable expansion in recent seasons. The increase in the percentage of 2yo races run on artificial surfaces in 2006-7 is quite startling.

    Further increase in the percentage of AW races in 2012. Part of this caused by the number of abandoned Turf meetings through a wet season and a number of replacement AW meetings which took place during the turf season.

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